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      全冊高中英語必修4課文逐句翻譯(外研版)

      來源:未知 編輯:admin 時間:2019-05-05
      導讀: 1.必修四Module1 The City of the Future未來城市 What will the city of the future look like? 未來的城市會是什么樣子呢? No one knows for sure, and making predictions is a risky business. 沒有人確切的了解,預測也是一件很危險的事情。But one th

      1.必修四Module1 The City of the Future未來城市

      What will the city of the future look like? 未來的城市會是什么樣子呢? No one knows for sure, and making predictions is a risky business. 沒有人確切的了解,預測也是一件很危險的事情。But one thing is certain---they are going to get bigger before they get smaller. 但是有一件事情是可以肯定的---他們將會先變大,然后再變小。 In the future, care for the environment will become very important as earth's natural resources run out. 在未來,愛護環境將會很重要,因為地球的資源將瀕臨枯竭。We will use lots of recycled materials, such as plastic, aluminum, steel, glass, wood and paper, and we will waste fewer natural resources. 我們將會使用大量的可回收材料,例如,塑料、鋁、鋼鐵、玻璃、木頭和紙。我們浪費自然資源的程度將會有所減弱。We will also have to rely more on alternative energy, such as solar and wind power. 我們也將不得不更多地依賴其他能源。例如,太陽能和風能。 All this seems certain, but there are plenty of things about city life in the future which are not certain. 所有的這些似乎是肯定的,但是還有許多關于城市生活的事情仍是未知的。

      To find out what young people think about the future of urban life, a teacher at a university in Texas in the United States asked his students to think how they would run a city of 50,000 people in the year 2025. 為了獲知年輕人對未來城市生活的想法,美國得克薩斯州的一位大學老師讓他的學生思考如何管理一個在2025 年擁有5萬人口的城市, Here are some of the ideas they had:下面是他們的一些構想: Garbage ships To get rid of garbage problems, the city will load huge spaceships with waste materials and send them towards the sun, preventing landfill and environmental problems. 垃圾船:為了擺脫垃圾問題的困擾,城市將會用巨型宇宙飛船裝載廢棄材料,朝太陽射,這樣做防止了垃圾填埋和環境間題。

      Batman Nets:Police will arrest criminals by firing nets instead of guns. 勤務兵網:警察逮捕罪犯時,將會向罪犯射出網狀物而不是用槍。

      Forget smoking:No smoking will be allowed 'within a future city's limits. Smoking will be possible only outside cities, and outdoors. 戒煙:在未來城市范圍內將禁止吸煙。只有在郊區和戶外才允許吸煙。

      Forget the malls:In the future all shopping will be done online, and catalogues will have voice commands to place orders. 告別商廈:將來所有的購物將會在網上進行,商品目錄將會有語音指令來排序。

      Telephones for life:Everyone will be given a telephone number at birth that will never change 'no matter where they live. 電話人生:每個人一出生就會給予一個電話號碼,將來無論他們居住在哪兒,這個電話號碼都不會更改。

      Recreation:All forms of recreation, such as cinemas, bowling, softball, concerts and others, will be provided free of charge by the city. 娛樂:所有的娛樂形式,例如,電影院、保齡球、壘球、音樂會和其他等等都將由該市政府免費提供。

      Cars:All cars will be powered by electricity, solar energy or wind, and it will be possible to change the color of cars at the flick of a switch. 汽車:所有的汽車部將由電能、太陽能或風能提供動力,并且只要輕輕按一下開關就能夠改變汽車的顏色。 Tele-surgery:Distance surgery will become common as doctors carry out operations from thousands of miles away, with each city having its own tele-surgery outpatient clinic. 遠程手術:隨著每個城市擁有自己的遠程手術門診部,醫生將能在數千里

      以外實施手術,遠程手術將會變得十分普通。

      Holidays at home:Senior citizens and people with disabilities will be able to go anywhere in the world using high-tech cameras attached to their head. 居家度假:年長的市民和殘疾人通過使用綁在頭上的高新技術相機可以周游世界。

      Space travel:Travelling in space by ordinary citizens will be common. Each city will have its own spaceport.太空邀游:普通市民邀游太空將會變得很平常,每個城市都將有自己的太空港。

      2.必修四Module 2 Getting Around in Beijing行在北京 Taxis出租車

      Taxis are on the streets 24 hours a day. 北京大街上的出租車是24小時服務的。Simply raise your hand. and a taxi appears in no time. 只要你招招手,立刻就會有出租車。They are usually red, and they display the price per kilometer on the window. 它們通常都是紅色車身,并且在車窗上顯示每公里的路價。You should check the cab has a business permit, and make sure you ask for a receipt. 你要做的,就是確認司機有營運照,并且索要發票。 Buses and trolleybuses公交車和電車

      Public transport provides a cheap way to get around in Beijing. 公共交通為人們游覽北京提供了低價位的出行方式。There are 20,000 buses and trolleybuses in Beijing, but they can get very crowded. 北京大約有兩萬多輛公交車和電車,但是,它們有時會很擁擠。It's a good idea to avoid public transport during the rush hour(6:30 am and 8:00 am and 5:00 pm and 6:30 pm). 最明智的做法是避免在高峰期(上午6:00一8:00,下午5:00一6:30)乘坐公交車和電車。 Fares are cheap, starting at 1 yuan. 這些車車票價格便宜,一元起價。Air-conditioned buses cost more. 空調車則要貴一些。

      Buses numbered 1 to 100 are limited to travel within the city centre. 公交線1到100路部是僅限于市中心內的, Higher numbers have destinations in the suburbs. 車號更高一些的線路,可以通達郊區。Tourists shouldn't miss the 103 bus which offers one of the most impressive routes, past the Forbidden City and the White Pagoda in Beihai Park. 對于游人來說,最不該錯過的是103路電車,它途經紫禁城和北海白塔,沿途風景令人印象深刻。If you get on a double-decker bus, make sure you sit

      upstairs. 如果你乘坐雙層公共汽車,請務必坐在上層,You'll have a good view of the rapidly changing city. 這樣你會一覽這個飛速發展城市的亮麗風景。 Most buses run from about 5:00 am to midnight. However, there is also a night bus service, provided by buses with a number in the 200s. Minibuses小公共汽車

      Minibuses with seats for12 passengers offer an alternative to expensive taxis and crowded public transport in some areas. 在一些地區,這種12個座位的小型公共汽車給人們在昂貴的出租車和擁擠的公共汽車外,提供了第三種選擇。They run regular services and follow the same routes as large public buses. 它們跟大公共汽車走同樣的路線,提供有規律的服務。And in a minibus you always get a seat even in rush hours. 在小公共汽車上,即使在高峰期也能找到空位。 Underground地鐵

      There are four underground lines in Beijing, and several lines are under construction. 北京有四條地鐵線,還有幾條線也正在建設之中。Trains are fast and convenient, but rush hours can be terrible. 地鐵方便快捷,但在高峰期,情況會很糟糕。A one-way trip costs 3 yuan. 地鐵票價單程為三元,Station names are marked in pinyin. 站名拼音標注,The underground is open from 5:00 am to 11:00 pm. 運營時間為上午5點到晚上11點。 Pedi cabs三輪腳踏車

      Tourists like these human-pedaled \游客們喜歡這些人力驅動的\三輪腳踏車\,但價格可能會較貴。You should talk to the driver, and make sure you know the price before you begin the journey, for example, if it is per person, single or return. 因此坐之前要先弄清楚價格,明確價錢是否按人數計算、是單程還是往返雙程的問題。 Tricycles are worth using if you want to explore the narrow alleys (hutong) of old Beijing.如果想去老北京的胡同探秘,三輪腳踏車絕對是值得一坐的。

      3.必修四Module 3 Body language身勢語

      If you say the word \

      Although these are very important, we communicate with more than just spoken and written words. Indeed, body positions are part of what we call \說起\交流\,大多數人會想到單詞或句子,雖然單詞與句子十分重要,但我們并不只是用口語和書面語進行交流,身體的姿態是我們所稱的\身勢語\的一部分。We see examples of unconscious body language very often, yet there is also \body language, which varies from culture to culture. 我們經?吹綗o意識的身勢語,但也有“習得”的身勢語。習得的身勢語在不同的文化中各不相同。 We use \ 當我們被介紹給生人時,我們使用 \習得的\身勢語。 Like other animals, we are on guard until we know it is safe to relax. 跟動物一樣,我們會保持警覺,直至知道安全的時候才放松。 So every culture has developed a formal way to greet strangers, to show them we are not aggressive. 因此,在所有的文化中人們都有一種向陌生人打招呼的正規的方式,以表示他們并不具有侵犯傾向。 Traditionally, Europeans and Americans shake hands. 歐美人的傳統是握手,They do this with the right hand---the strongest hand for most people. 他們用右手握手---右手對多數人來說更有力一些。 If our right hand is busy greeting someone, it cannot be holding a weapon. 假如右手用于忙著與人打招呼就不可能握武器。 So the gesture is saying, \you. Look, I'm not carrying a threatening weapon.\ 因此,這種手勢的意思是 \我信任你,瞧,我沒帶威脅性的武器\, If you shake hands with someone, you show you trust them. 假如你和人握手,就是在表明你信任他們。 We shake hands when we make a deal. It means, \ 我們在做交易時與人握手,意思就是 \我們達成了協議,相互信任\

      Greetings in Asian countries do not involve touching the other person, but they always involve the hands. 亞洲人打招呼是不接觸他人身體的,但他們要用手。 Traditionally in China, when we greet someone, we put the right hand over the left and bow slightly. 與人打招呼時,中國人的傳統方式;右手放在左手上,拱手,稍稍躬身而行禮。Muslims give a \forehead. 穆斯林行額手鞠躬禮, 用手觸左胸、 嘴和額。 Hindus join their hands and bow their heads in respect. 印度,雙手交合,恭敬地鞠躬。In all of these

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